Age 12+ Years

Age 12- 15 Erdkinder “Earth Children”


Hershey Montessori Farm School



Dr. Montessori’s term Erdkinder  translates (from German) as “children of the earth” and reflects the importance of intentionally connecting the child and the environment.

For the adolescent the environment is a farm. Not just a rural setting, but a working agricultural enterprise complete with gardens to tend, forest land to manage, fields for grazing, tilling and haying, livestock to feed and herd, and a community within which to play a meaningful role. As students leave childhood behind and anticipate their lives as adults, they enter a period of vulnerability. During this period they need both protection and real challenges. As both individuals and participants in society, they need opportunities to develop their skills and passions, outlets to express their ideas, and experiences which present them with real problems to solve. (from Annie Fisher Montessori Magnet School, Hartford, CT)

The North American Montessori Teachers’ Association presents The AMI (Association Montessori Internationale) Montessori Orientation to Adolescent Studies (Ages 12-18)
erdkinder beekeeping
This program builds an integrated holistic view of the Montessori adolescent in relation to Montessori psychology, methodology, and philosophy. Content is presented within the context of Montessori’s educational syllabus. Participants can shape their specialized backgrounds (in math, science, humanities) as part of a total Montessori vision, allowing them to design an adolescent program that addresses their unique combinations of students, faculty, site, and administration at their schools. AMI Montessori training in early childhood or elementary levels will enhance the orientation experience, but is not a prerequisite.

Main program overview:

erdkinder dig

Digging for fossils in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Montessori High School at University Circle, Cleveland, Ohio

In the summer of 2009, students from the Montessori High School at University Circle, most of whom had attended the Hershey Montessori Farm school, accompanied Dr. Michael Ryan, curator of vertebrate paleontology at The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, to Mongolia. The group excavated in an area known as “Dragon’s Tomb” in the Gobi Desert and discovered the skull of a Saurolophus, a plant-eating dinosaur that lived 70 million years ago. Youtube video here:

More information on age 12+:

An overview from Michael Olaf Montessori, with quotes from Einstein and others:
This page from the Hershey Montessori school  provides more information on this age and Montessori in general:


2006 – Montessori Model United Nations for Middle and High School Students


This program was begun at the request of Ambassador Lorenzo from the Dominican Republic, by Judith Cunningham, Bergamo-trained AMI Montessori teacher, and is held each year in New York and Geneva, Switzerland. In 2013, when I gave the keynote address, 1600 students representing 12 countries participated. The goal is to have every country in the world represented.

In order to participate in the Montessori Model United National program, teachers receive training many months ahead of time and students work on preparation for this program, and raising money for expenses, at least 6 months in advance. Students prepare to represent a specific country, as though they were ambassadors in the actual United Nations, and they dress the part, taking their responsibilities very seriously.

MMUN speakers

To see my keynote, and a lot of information about MMUN, including contact information, go to this page:

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